ISSN: 2003-2222

Author : Ra, Dr.

The Use of /i/ and /a/ Variables Spoken by Karbala Speech Community

Dr. Ra; Prof. Asst; ad Shakir AL.Nawas; Mustafa Talib AL.Juboury

Al-Bahith Journal, 2014, Volume 4, Issue 12, Pages 383-395

The aim of this research is to present a study of two variables in Karbala speech community. Six main areas have been put under investigation. They are Karbala city and suburb, AL.Hindia town and rural and AL.Hussainia town and rural.
The /a/ and /i/ variables have been chosen to correlate with social variables. The social variables are: gender , age , education and region.
This study depends upon ninety- six informants represent a sample in Karbala speech community.
The use of quantitative methods enabled the researcher in observing language variation . The T- test analysis and ANOVA are the statistical procedure which has been applied in this study.
For the purpose of realizing the aims of the research, it come up with following results:

1. we can say that old people are more conservative than the young.
2. Education has a strong impact on people of both sexes on the direction towards the variety.
3. Women prefers to use the high prestige. This is may be due to the fact that they have little contact with the people of the town .
4. People in Karbala and Hindia town prefer to use the /a/ variable whereas people in Al.Hussiania prefer to use /?u/ People in Karbala, Al.Hindia and Al.Hussiania prefers to use /i/ more than /u/.