ISSN: 2003-2222

Author : Lecturer,


Cohesion in literary and scientific texts Kerbela university faculty of education department of english

Lecturer; Azhar Hassan Salumee

Al-Bahith Journal, 2016, Volume 6, Issue 17, Pages 189-201

refers to relations of
meaning that exist within the text,
and that defines it as a text. The
detection of these meaning relations
is important to its interpretation.
These relations are achieved by the
use of cohesive devices. This means
that the presence or absence of these
devices in a text helps to make a text
coherent or incoherent respectively.
This paper is a statistic study of two
types of cohesion : the grammatical
cohesion and lexical one in selected
scientific and literary texts. Three
scientific essays as well as three
literary ones have been chosen for
the purpose of analysis. The six
essays are written by different
British writers and most of them are
taken from the Internet. The study
aims at presenting data verifying the
assumption that both lexical and
grammatical cohesive devices are
more frequent in use in scientific
texts than those occurred in literary
ones. Also, some categories in each
type are more widely used than
others such as conjunctions and
reiteration in both scientific and
literary texts. The study shows that
such conclusions can be traced back
to the writer's intention to use rather
simple, comparative, and descriptive
language in expressing rather
complex topics presented in
scientific texts. That is to say, the use
of indirect and complex language
makes the reader's task more
difficult. Moreover, the frequent
categories of each one help the writer
elaborate, illustrate, compare, and
even add new information and ideas
to his/her reader. The paper starts
with an introduction that acquaints
the reader with the concept of
cohesion and its two types : the
grammatical and lexical cohesion.
Then, an analysis and a statistic
study of six essays are carried out
that reflect the frequency of
occurrence of both types of cohesion
in these texts. Three scientific essays
as well as three literary ones have
been chosen for the purpose of
analysis. The study ends with some
conclusions resulted through the