Author : Neama Dahash Farhan, Lec.Ass.
2012, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 69-103
The language of Imam Al-Hussein (PBUH) manifest the society in which it was said. It included the cultural heritage shortened by Imam Al-Hussein's mind, including those good societies and movement that happened throughout ages and places. This language represent a loud cry against injustice, and a prediction to what the society is going to be. The society was heated in which people and similar in terms of type and being, but, different in terms of principles, ideology, ethics, objectives and goals.
The study concludes that what distinguishes the speech of Imam Al-Hussein (PBUH) was clarity of expressions, to open the minds of the receiver and listing to his words. Those who were guided, and those who were misled. Because the language of society is the closer to one's heart and mind, Imam Al-Hussein (PBUH) did not practiced his jurisdiction. He was addressing the modern democratic societies. Undoubtedly, the idea of dominion across modern cultures in the form and doctrinal. That is what is known as Soft Domination in modern linguistics. It is the approach with Mayer's theory the Issue and Rhetoric's. Mayer managed to depend on the cognitive points in analyzing the context of two principles: the dialectic – the model and counter model, as a means of affirming the value, as a means of plea since he is a model to be followed by peoples and groups or ideas and doctrines. Imam Al-Hussein (PBUH) used analice as a dialectic method.
If we mediate the political aspect in the speeches of Imam Al-Hussein (PBUH) in total, we do not find war as a target, but meeting and association is the target, and defend religion and its legality not a call for war and inflaming it, it is a reformation of the social structure. The ideological struggle between the creator of text and the recipient of social theatre the struggle formed the essence of the issue. Imam Al-Hussein (PBUH) is a whole nation even though he was one person. He spoke in the plural pronoun "we" of all the reformers using speech art as a means of media.