ISSN: 2003-2222

Author : U. Wanas, zaman


Cultural Ties between Hilla and the Cities of the Islamic East.

zaman U. Wanas

Al-Bahith Journal, 2011, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 166-198

Had the princes of the children further their impact in the emergence of the city of Hilla, as they have adopted at the end of the fifth century AH / atheist century AD base administrative Amarthm instead of the city of the Nile, which lies north of Hilla, about 6 km, and soon took the city position as a teacher solid scientific, has not been in appearance of a century to become a mecca for students from different parts of the Muslim world, Vazdhmt Hilla councils lesson that has spread out has affected the city of Hilla, the intellectual to the neighboring countries, where deliberately scholars and jurists to decamp and the establishment of boards of the lesson in the neighborhood, where he was greeted and Jhaeha, and so spread out books and writings scientists Hilla, which are still found in the libraries of the Muslims. appeared Hilla after that was founded by the children of more years (495 AH / 1101 AD) duration and a short center intellectually prominent known for a paper form Valais attribute employers jurisprudence and science to break the intellectual stagnation that has plagued the owners thought the front after he died Sheikh Toosi (460 AH / 1067 AD) and after him and his son Abu Ali alias Bamufad II (d. 515 AH / 1121 AD) The description of scholars who came after these two flags Alvven they are fake, and was the political situation time of the Seljuks in Iraq (447 590 e / 10551193 m) impact on the reality of the intellectual movement of the front duodenale private and all Muslims from the rest of the doctrines in general. but became Hilla, after shrinking the influence of these (Seljuk) in the early seventh century of migration / third century AD the center of the advancement of the intellectual of the new front, especially the era of al-Shaykh Ibn Idriss ornaments (d. 598 AH / 1201 AD) who not only blocking for Fatwa and break tradition and inertia that it was his predecessors, but he should be the adoption of the source of the fourth addition to the sources of Islamic law, and started the assets of the legislation, four is the book and the Sunnah and consensus as well as the mind, were his views of scientific revolution of thought moved thought the front line and wide making the institutes Hilla scientific councils studied the center of the the starting and the revolution of intellectual, scientific, and these were in turn capable of continuity of the development of intellectual, scientific, until it reached followed suit took the leading scientific schools in various Islamic countries, and for three centuries the seventh, eighth and ninth for Migration / thirteenth and the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries AD, therefore, became owners of the flag go on long journeys to Hilla, for study in the institutes of various scientific, Vartbtt Hilla, intellectually and scientifically most cities in the Islamic East, from the Levant and the Hijaz, Yemen, Bahrain, Persia, Vetothagt links Hilla civilization to those cities, and this was the forms of this contact of civilization between Hilla and cities of the country is a trip students of science to it once , and again the movement of geniuses thought of its people towards those countries carriers originality of their ideas and promoted their scientific to those countries once, and again the movement of the heritage of these scholars of the geniuses of Hilla, to those countries by their students, and of works, books and ideas and scientific consensus that they took them, with manifestations civilization they have learned in the community as a whole jewelry. Hence, we have to look those who became submitted to Hilla, which received the flag, as it became after that element of the links to those cities of Hilla, on the one hand, and on the other element of the transition effect of Hilla, so civilized. < br /> The first of those countries that have documented links with the scientific Hillah was the Levant, Vdkhalha many Mshaherha, remind them as much as possible to get information from him according to the sources available to us. it Levant came to Hilla, Mr. Majd al-Din Ali bin Al-Hussein al-Halabi (d. S 7 E / 13 m) received Sciences where and what excelled cope with the lesson, he took with him Sheikh Abu al-Qasim Ja'far ibn Said ornaments known investigator ornaments (d. 676 AH / 1277 AD) ( 1), and was presented by Sheikh Najm al-Din Ja'far ibn Malik al-Halabi (d. S 7 E / 13 m) world Fadel great extent, the income of Hilla, and took about Vdilaúha and Akaber jurists, and the most prominent of taking him Sheikh Yusuf bin purgatory ornaments and the father of the mark (he was alive years 662h / 1263 m) ( 2), as well as Mr. Mohi-Din Abu Hamed bin Abdullah bin Ali bin flower-Halabi (d. 634 AH / 1236) of the house of Messrs. brown flower Lhalbeyen, They raise families, the upper in the Levant, and it was Mohiuddin from the scholars of the Levant eminent, he entered the Hilla and took the jurists, after perfected the science and authorized the leave of scientific, studied therein is one of the students, such as al-Faqih large, Mr. Ali bin Musa bin peacock ornaments (d. 664 AH / 1265 AD) and investigator ornaments and Sheikh Yahya bin Ahmed bin Saeed ornaments (d. 690 AH / 1291) ( 3), and the king-Nasser Salah al-Din Abu feats of David Ben Isa (d. 656 AH / 1258 AD) to the Hilla and newcomer of the Hajj contact Pfgahaúha and got them (4), and Sheikh Ahmed bin Ali bin stronghold of Abu Abbas Azdi Almhellba Homsi (d. 664 AH / 1265 AD) was a great scientist and a poet, a glorious, the Hilla and studied Arabic and presentations where, essays and a thousand systems and book illustration and Sequel Fajad it too much. (5) The scholar Ali ibn al-Hasan, known as Shams ad-Din Hossam (LC 7 E / 13 m) (6), Mr. Mohammed bin Ali Ben Zahra al-Halabi (d. BC 7 E / 13 m) (7), and jurist Kamal al-Din Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Abi known as Ibn Alqoiqi (d. 674 AH / 1275 AD) This was a jurist of the sheikhs of Islamic Jurisprudence and modern eminent, originally from Aleppo, nicknamed Balqoiqi proportion to the River Qoik which irrigates Aleppo, housing Neil Hilla, where he died (8), and made from the Levant, Sheikh Jamal al-Din Yusuf ibn Hatim al-Shami Global (9) Almchgra (10) (he was alive 676 AH / 1277 AD) (11) and jurist Afif Din Abu Nasr Mohammad bin Ibrahim al-Halabi jewelry (LC 8 AH / 14) and this was al-Faqih world Jalil feet Hilla and politeness which then fled to Baghdad and work in the conduct of government business, then left to act to mysticism, and in Baghdad, he met Ibn Alfoti and took him. (12) and Ahamyin also foot-Faqih Ibrahim ibn al-Hasan bin Ali Taqi Al-Din Global (was alive year 709 AH / 1309 AD) (13) and Shaykh Ibn Hassan World (he was alive year 722 AH / 1322 AD) (14) and Sheikh Hassan Bin Nasser Bin Ibrahim World (he was alive year 725 AH / 1324 AD ) (15) and Sheikh Saleh bin bright global Aljbaa (d. 726 AH / 1325) and Aljbaa proportion to the village from the villages of Jabal Amel, and this old man very second martyr Zine El Abidine Ben Ali World (16) (cited year 966 AH / 1558) (17), and was presented by Sheikh Najm al-Din Touman bin Ahmed World (d. 728 AH / 1327 AD) (18) and Sheikh Izz al-Din Ibrahim bin Abi Al Ghaith Jamal al-Din ibn Hassan Majdali (he was alive year 736 AH / 1335 AD) (19) and Sheikh Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Al-Haddad World (he was alive year 739 AH / 1338 m) (20) and Mr. Taj al-Din Muhammad ibn flower-Halabi (he was alive year 753 AH / 1353 AD) from family, upper-sons flower Olsabaka male, entered Hillah was the year (696 AH / 1296 AD) (21), as well as Sheikh Izz al-Din al-Hasan ibn Shams al-Din Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Al Hussam Damascene (he was alive year 753 AH / 1352 AD) and the scholars Ahamyin known for its high ambition and sober thought, he entered the Hilla and read on Sheikh pride investigators Mohammed bin Hassan bin Yousef bin purgatory Born brand jewelery with him to leave, said the pride of the investigators: (( Maulana Sheikh Ali read the great holy Imam Sheikh Izz al-Haj Maulana caste and religion, the right of Imam Ibn al-Shaykh Al-Shams al-Din Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Hussam Damascene ...) (22) described the pride of investigators in which a function of a high scientific level.