Volume 8, Issue 20, Pages 355-379
Efficiency of Strategy of Asking Cluster-Questions in the Achievement and Retention of Female Students of the Second Grade in Secondary School in the Subject of History
This research aims at investigating the efficiency of the strategy of asking Cluster-Questions in the achievement and retention of female students of the secondary schools in the subject of History. To achieve this purpose the researcher has relied on the experimental design of partial control of equivalent groups. Hence. a deliberately selected sample has been chosen from the second grade of (Al-Furat) Secondary School" of Babylon Education Directorate for applying the experiment during the academic year 2013-2014. The research sample included (61) female students of which (31) students represent the experimental group who have been taught by the strategy of asking Cluster- Questions, while (30) students represents the control group who have been taught by the regular method .The researcher determined the material to be taught to the students of both groups of the study which includes the last three chapters of the textbook entitled Arabic-lslamic History for the second grade of secondary schools assigned by the Ministry of Education for the year 2013-2014. On the light of the content of the material the researchers have determined behavioral aims which includes (187) aims, then the cluster-questions of the experimental group were prepared : these included (17) clusters covering the material , after that lesson plans are made by the researchers; and in order that the number of lesson plans complies with the number of clusters the researchers made 18 lesson plans for each of the two research groups.
In order to verify the accomplishment of the aim of the study the researchers prepared a multiple-choice achievement after-test that has four options , it includes 50 items . the validity, consistency and all psychometric qualities have been verified. After concluding the experiment and after the researchers applied their research tool represented by the achievement after-test on the research sample individuals , data has been collected and statistically processed using the (SPSS) statistical package of social sciences. After the results have been statistically analyzed the researcher found out differences of statistical significance in the responses of the sample individuals of the experimental group which has been taught using the strategy of asking cluster - questions in the achievement after-test and in their retention rather that in that of the control group which has been taught using the regular method; a fact that signifies the supremacy of the experimental group students on the control group students in both the achievement after-test as well as in the retention test. In the light of the research results the researchers have recommended the necessity of using the strategy of asking cluster-questions in teaching History to the second grade of secondary schools as the strategy has been proved to be efficient in comparison to the regular method, and as complimentary to this research the researchers present some suggestions and recommendations.
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