"Tala’a Bin Razeek" (died 556 AH) and the minister and poet
Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 521-556
AbstractThis research illuminates many aspects of the personality of a Fatimi minister who was famous for his political wisdom and poetric eloquence. He was one of the few examples who was in such country during his time. He was the Fatimi state minster "Tala’a Bin Razeek".
The research was divided into three parts (topics) according to the nature of the study. The first topic deals with the turning points of the life of this personality, consisting of his name, relation, nickname, birth, raising, family, approach and murder. The resources we have are so considered and famous they mentioned his name and his father’s name, then added some nicknames like (Al- Armani, Al- Masri, the good king) the last nickname was the most famous.
Resources did not tell us minute information about his birth and raising but his nickname might refer to the place of his birth and raising. Also resources give general information about the family of Tala’a Bin Razeek and his brother Badr Bin Razeek known as the knight of the Muslims. He had one son and two daughters, the son be came a minister after him and one of the daughters married the khalifa Al- Adhid for political aims. The second daughter married his nephew Saif Al- Islam Bin Badr Bin Razeek. The minister Tala’a was one of the approach of the twelfth Imamia (Ethaasharia Immamia) and on the contrary to the approach of Fatimi Ismaaeli. He was fanatical and defended his approach by holding discussion to prove the rightness of his approach and writing a special book and then declared through his poetry that he was loyal to the prophet family "peace be upon them".
Historians differed about his murder into two sections some said that the aunt of Al- Adhid pushed someone to murder him to revenge her brother, while others said that Al- Adhid was the responsible for the murder. We believe in the first thought because Al- Adhid made Razeek a minister after his father. The death of Tala’a was on the anniversary of martyrdom of Amiril Ma’mineen Ali Bin Abi Talib "peace be upon him" the 19th of Ramadan 40 A.H. .
The second topic of the study was the political aspect of the good king personality. He played a vital role in the policy of Fatimi state since he became the ruler Qus, Aswan, Ashmonin, and Bahnasa. Then he became a minister after a good news by a servant of the holly shrine of Imam Ali Bin Abi Talib. It was an authorized ministry because of his wisdom and cleverness, he controlled the affairs of the Fatimi state specially when Al- Adhid became the Khalifa after his father Al- Faez. He was a little young and married the daughter of the good king because of the will of the king to be the khalifa in appearance and the real rular was Tala’a. The good king raised the slogan of Ethna Ashari Imami Shea’a Islam and appointed the rulers for money, that means he was selling the authority to the ruler for six months only and built a mosque in Cairo.
On the military side, he took part in defending against the crusaders and sent ships to fight Franches and got victories. His troops reached Al- Quds then he made alliance with the famous leader named Nooriddin Zenki, inspite of they believed in different approaches. This proved that he was desirous upon Islam and Islamic Countries away from denomination.
The third side was the scientific and cultural aspect. He was a talent poet and clever writer. Most of his poems were in praising Ahlul Bait "peace be upon them" and lamenting them. He had other poems in brotherhood, describing wars, love and wisdom using a simple familiar poetric language, understood by audience without being tired or thoughtful for a longtime as well as his poems had word decoration in sense and sound which reflected his ability in this field of activity.
It is noticed that the good king took care of the mental sciences like the beliefs and religious affairs and held belief discussions with other scientists and religious men of other approaches. We concluded that he was an educated man in religious sciences specially in beliefs and engaged in defending his belief then he disputed his enemies scientifically so that he wrote a book called ((the reliance in dispute with stubbornness owners)) ((Al- Etemad Fil Rad Ala Ahlul Enad).
His clubs were not with religious scientists only but they were devoted to literature where many Fatimi poets gathered to him for exchanging poetry and talks.
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