Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 393-416
Most modern and historical studies focused on the big role done by the Spanish to discover the new world . AlthoughChristophorus Columbus had done a significant role in this respect , his role had become secondary as compared to the role played by Americus Vespucius who proved that the new land on which the Spanish stepped was a new land and had no relation to the old world and as a result it was a new continent . Thus, such studies which gave Columbus a secondary role neglected also all roles done by those other than the Spanish in discovering the new world . So the aim of this research is to prove that Arabs had a certain role in discovering the new world .
This research consists of two parts . The first , which is under the title '' Arab achievements in the field of geography '' concentrates on the most important Arab scientific achievement whether it was mentioned in their books or what they invented such as the devices of astrolabe and Hookah .
As for the second part which is '' Arab role through the historical evidences in ancient cultures '' focuses on the cultural similarities between the eastern cultures and the cultures of American continent and this proves that there is a cultural link between these cultures and proves that Arabs were the first who contributed in finding this link by spreading their culture all over these regions.
This research makes use of some sources and references especially the book '' Navigation and Arabs sea sciences '' by Anwar Abdul-Aleem and the book '' History of kanani and phoenecian civilization '' by Jean mazil and the book '' History of geographical Arab literature '' by Kratchcofiski and moreover the book '' sorry colombus'' by zoedhove Hienke, and other books.
We have proved by this study that Arabs had their own role and contribution in discovering the new world before 1492 A.D and this is clear through the given facts displayed in this study .
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