Volume 4, Issue 12, Pages 63-81
AbstractAl- hemza is a sound has different from others in its utterance adjective drawing and its relation with other sounds. And because of the difficulty of the utterance of Al-hamza (certained) and its heaviness on the utters and the tendency of Arabic to the lightness in speech , some of arabtribs worked to (light it ).
Hence, I have choosenAnqoudElzewahir book in conjugation by Ala'aEldien Ali Bin Mohammad Al-qoshachy (D879 A.H) to be place for this studying which restricted on certainty of Al Hemza and its lightness subjects according to the reasons that we have shown in its origins.
And Al-qoshachy opinions and its comparing with other opinions of antiquity and show it on modern sound lesson in order to make comparing between old and modern sound lesson besides the researcher adherence on practice the syllable theory on most of sound phenomena for knowing the changes that happen on word construction.
And when we look attentively at research material we notice it characterized by facility- break conciseness in his explaining the book fulfilling to the will of the Al-Sultan Mohammed Al-fatih (the Ottoman )(D886 A.H) who asked him to auther a clear – spring phrase book neither briefly nor breaking and neither large nor boring. As it become clear under the light of the research that the modrenizers have contradicted the old in the cases of lighting the Hemza in replacing it by a sound similar to the vowel of what before it .or by omitting it. So what they see it is just a falling of the Hemza and extending the short sound.
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