ISSN: 2003-2222

Volume 2, Issue 2

Volume 2, Issue 2, Winter 2012, Page 9-378


The Efforts of Dr. Dawood Saloom in the Comparative Literature in the Arabic Sources

Jalel S. Khalel; Dr.Farok M. AlHaboby

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 9-30

The first Arabian Scientists studied hard and that led to extend their cares in most of the sides of known literatures for us , like their study of comparative without any sign to any teamer calling .
Though the treatment of the Arab scientist dealt with the comparison with
those clear quotations with much more of ignorance up to the end of the eighth
became of the twentieth century but Dr. Saloom had another opinion .
That he gathered a lot of quotations and proved through the stabled roots of the literature in Arabic sources and he insisted on the following points:-
1- What was written by ( AL- Jateth an Ibn Khldoon about an important
Comparative hints .
2- What AL – ltatamy stuied bout the poet's e affection of foreign meanings .
3- Comparative curricula by ( Aby – AL.Feda) in the book of prophets stories
Belween the Islamic in heritance and the Pentateuch .
The research concluded the ability to the mention of that efforts in defection of
Comparative literature us a reel roots and the practices of the Arabian Scientists and What the French and American school were marching in spite of Thousand year between them .

The Impact of Imaginary Education in Obtaining Literature and Texts class for tehe High-school students

Dhiyia A. Ahmad

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 31-63

The research aims to know the current trends of history teachers to use computers in teaching. It also aims to explore the most important obstacles that prevent the use of history teachers of computer in teaching.
To achieve these targets promising researchers administered methods were verified sincerity by offering a range of experts in the field of methods of teaching social science, measurement and evaluation, and computer science, as well as has been verified Thbathma by re-applied to a sample of the same research community has reached reliability coefficient to identify trends (0.80) and reliability coefficient identified the constraints (0.82), and distributed Alastbantan on a sample of teachers of history in middle and high schools of the province of Karbala.
Using Pearson's correlation coefficient and Spearman Brown formula and the weighted average and weight percentile as a means of statistical researchers to achieve the following results:
The presence of positive attitudes towards the use of computers in school history, with the obstacles that prevent such use from the point of view, most notably the inclusion of schools definitely programmed power cuts and lack of training of teachers using computers in teaching and the shortage of computers available in schools and the lack of availability of technical help in practical training for computer.
In light of the findings of the research the researchers recommended the following:
1 - equipping schools generators.
2 - Working to provide sufficient numbers of computers for teaching
3 - Tzoa schools programs necessary for the use of computers in teaching.
4 - Training teachers to use computers in teaching.
And an update of the current study suggested that researchers:
1 - a study of the reality of the use of computers in secondary schools.
2 - Conducting a similar study, keeping into account the variable sex and years of experience.

The Trends and Obstacles of Using the Computer in Teaching History by the Instructors of the Holy Province of Karbala

Hasan Muhammad Kadhim; Prof. Aziz Kadhim Naiif

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 80-110

The research aims to know the current trends of history teachers to use computers in teaching. It also aims to explore the most important obstacles that prevent the use of history teachers of computer in teaching.
To achieve these targets promising researchers administered methods were verified sincerity by offering a range of experts in the field of methods of teaching social science, measurement and evaluation, and computer science, as well as has been verified Thbathma by re-applied to a sample of the same research community has reached reliability coefficient to identify trends (0.80) and reliability coefficient identified the constraints (0.82), and distributed Alastbantan on a sample of teachers of history in middle and high schools of the province of Karbala.
Using Pearson's correlation coefficient and Spearman Brown formula and the weighted average and weight percentile as a means of statistical researchers to achieve the following results:
The presence of positive attitudes towards the use of computers in school history, with the obstacles that prevent such use from the point of view, most notably the inclusion of schools definitely programmed power cuts and lack of training of teachers using computers in teaching and the shortage of computers available in schools and the lack of availability of technical help in practical training for computer.
In light of the findings of the research the researchers recommended the following:
1 - equipping schools generators.
2 - Working to provide sufficient numbers of computers for teaching
3 - Tzoa schools programs necessary for the use of computers in teaching.
4 - Training teachers to use computers in teaching.
And an update of the current study suggested that researchers:
1 - a study of the reality of the use of computers in secondary schools.
2 - Conducting a similar study, keeping into account the variable sex and years of experience.

The Abridgement of the Book of The Events of Uthman Ibn Affan: A Study and an Investigation

Asst. Prof. Dr. Ayad Abdul-Hussein Sayhoud; Asst. Prof. Dr. Amar Muhammad Yunis Al-Sa; idi

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 111-137

This research try to introduce hand written to enlighten affirmation the importance of this research that the hand written didn’t affirmate and print . as well as the importance of this subject which the book treat it the manuscript with the title (( Mukhtasser ssiffct Ahdth Anthman bin-Affan )) This brief belong to book that composed from sources series at the first century but the summery now , It is composed throudh out the late Islamic ages .
- Although that that previous summery no more than sixteen pages but came with conragous information didn’t mention in detailed in the other Islamic resources . So it came with out writer . We condense in the follow course in a ffir mation of manuscript to give aclear form for the course who are the writers followed , and reading the sources of
Manuseript . As we mention our course in affirmation the manuscript , and we divided our work in this affirmation in to atext and margin . the text contained on the text for the examiner . While the margin marked by with translation the know ledges and geography places . as well as the detorted to some word what were , deliberately or in deliberately , misred, isinterpreted or dropped from the words in the copied hand script texts .

The Development of the Quranic Vocabulary by the Sufis: “ The Congeniality of Signs” as an Example

Lect. Aqeel Akmoush Abid

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 138-158

Of the Qur'anic text to the Sufis of great importance in reaching an understanding of Islamic law and purposes of their research was accompanied by Quranic "explanation" a major development in the semantics, we find a single Quranic have been hit in the evolution of its meaning in general.

This research set out to gain access to the features of the development of this individual have, and the interpretation of peeling (d. 465 h.) be named "for some professional references" an arena for this search.
It has been a search at the beginning by talking about the concept of semantic development in general and talk about the causes and consequences, before setting off to search about the significance of individual Quranic when peeling.

Search and taken to reach this end, two first talked about the Semantic which assumes a relationship between the original language of the Koran and the Single significance when, and the second arrived in the new semantics was a complete break from the original language of the Koran Single.
You have arrived at the most important research findings to the intellectual authority that was the Sufi-oriented basis of the meaning of the Quranic attempt from near or far to link this evidence Bmqomadtha new language, taking advantage of all the linguistic contexts in which they are single-Quranic.

The Orientation of Primary School Teachers Towards Working with Slow Pupils in Kerbala Province

Imad abud Hani Al-Dhalimi

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 159-192

The research aims that measuring the level of attitudes of special classes teachers towards their lower learners , and showing differences between- male and female- teachers . The researcher formed aims of his research depending on problem of research and its importance , the final sample of this research contains (91) teachers of special classes in Karbala .
The researcher has completed all preparation of the measures following the needed steps such as validity and reliability .
During the research some statistical methods , the researcher gained some results : The attitudes of teachers were positive towards lower learners and there aren't any differences statistically power tested between-male and female-teachers. In the light of the results the researcher gave some recommendations and suggestions .

Psychological Firmness and its Relation to the acceptability of the Students of Kerbala University

Ayat Mahmoud Shakir Al-Fatlawi; Asst. Prof. Dr. Hamid Hamza Al-Difa

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 193-221

this reserch aimed to Identify the level of the psychological hardiness and Agreeableness , Detect differences in the level of psychological hardiness, according to variables of gender and specialization , Identify the relationship between the psychological hardiness and Agreeableness among the students of the University of Karbala . the researcher applied a measure psychological hardiness which built by her and Agreeableness measure of the list of the big five factors of personality for 1992, Costa & McCrae, which was adopted from Saleem 1999 on stratified random sample of (461) students . by using the equation of Cronbach Alpha and Chi square test ,T-test for one sample , to two independent samples , Pearson correlation coefficient and Tow-Way Anova without interaction The researcher reached founded That university students have a high level of the psychological pardiness and Agreeableness . There are differences between males and females in the level of psychological hardiness in favor of males. There are no differences in the level of the Psychological Hardiness between specialized scientific and humanitarian .

The Significance of the Two Formats “ Fa’il” and “ Fa’aal” for Genealogy

Muhammad Ali Abdallah al-Anbaki; Asst. Prof. Dr. Salam Mujid Khilkhal

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 222-247

This study deals with" Formation of the Nickname Without the Appendage of "Ya" ,Morpho_Semantic Study";the phenomenon which has not been studied sufficiently so all were found are signs about the
topic.
The outline of this thesis is divided into introduction and three chapters, then the conclusions are given. Finally , the resources and the , then, the forms led to the formation with "ya"as (substitution, deletion, replacement and transformation ) .finally the chapter end with the distinction between the formation with " ya" and
other semantic forms.
The thesis ends with the conclusions found by the researcher as:
1-the semantic form is defined in this study in different ways , the most important is that it is the meaning of its outer form , accordin
2-this thesis reveals some aspects of nickname forming without the appendage of "ya" as in the forms of "agentive and exaggerating
forms.
3-there are different Quranic hints give the meaning of forming
nicknames forming

The Educational Policy in Iraq 1915-1930: (An Analytical Study)

Dr. Uday Hatim Al-Mafraji

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 248-282

The education policy of Iraq were one of the administrative series that supported the political authority and did not come from a social philosophy ,as they had already been political and aiming to ends further tham the sience affairs and to create cultured and in the know elite.
The reason why we selected the period (1915-1930)to study is that the first year educational policy in iraq particularly that appeared in Basra town and the second year denotes the settleaent of the education policy which had taken firm course after its depending upon the American method of education .
It has been used the ways of analyse and conclusion in this study in order to express the purpose of those education policies of Iraq which have not gone farther them the arbit of the adopted policy and authority coincided with prevailing the illiteracy and backwardness .there fovethe intellectualism of the Iraqi mentality became as results of chauvinist philosophy paved the way to the growth of the future mentality for every secular thought owning abundant opportunity to take part in the political developments of Iraq.

Zuhair Bin Al-Qain Al-Bajli Between the Account Discourse and Knowledge

Muhammad Hussein Idrees

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 183-293

1)All the history references specially the translation not recognize about Zuhair Ibn AL-Qainy circumstances although he is one of the famous men of first century of Islamic calendar because most of references interested with the story of Zuhair joining with Shieah.1

2)Pretention of references that the reason of Zuhair joining with shieah depending on the Sulaiman AL-Bahely expecting

3)The review of Zuhair AL-Qainy enjoining to the way of AL-hajj was ignored after the calculations of days of hajj after day of Tarweeh and calculation the distance beginning from the Coofa city proved the impossipl of AL-Beglly living away from Mecca instead he waited AL-Shieah at Zarud..
4)pretention of undesirable meeting and inexact time of presents of AL-Beglly unacceptable..
5)The high position by AL-Beglly because of AL-Hussain,like talking with enemies and leading the right side of AL-Hussains army this refer to that AL-Bagly was In same side with AL-Hussains thought. .

The Evaluation of Teaching the Subject of Education Bases from the Students’ Perspective

mouri; Musa Kadhim Al-Ma

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 294-319

In our new world is looked for the education as one of most important devices that the communities depend on in the operations of fabric , developing and cultural progress by fitting the people in different basics of their personalities The educators concordant the ach who works in the educational extent must be know how did the education grow during the time and what has it today ? So , the researcher tried to valuate the teaching of educational basics material which is teached in the first stages of the college of education from the students opinion because they are the aim of educational operation and they shall become teachers after they finish their study in the college .
The research was limited with the students of the second stage / morning study of the studying year 2010 – 2011 whom studied this material for a folly year .
The researcher used the questionnaire as a device of his research which was begun with the following opening question : You are a student in the second stage , what are the problems that you faced during your study of basics of education ?
The researcher collected the data and made them in extents of questionnaire so as to get it's verity by showing it to the conversant .
In order to get the questionnaire it's validity , the researcher gave a questionnaire for an exploration sample of hundred students and gave them again after two weeks , then he used" Person's low " of relation . Then he found the ratio between the two times is ( 0 . 84 ) that refers to a good relation .
Then he used the questionnaire by giving it to a rate ( 0. 25 ) of the same sample which was ( 509 ) students after ultimating the exploration sample . The researcher got many results , like :
1. The disability of some teachers to make the students request to study this material .
2 . Some of the students hadn't any idea of educational basics importance .
3 . The disability of some teachers to create the suspense factor at the students
4 . The exam questions hadn't a scientific form when it were written .
By getting these results , the researcher asked the teachers to get
the development which happened in the extent of teaching methods
and deal with the singular variances among the students when they write the questions

The Evaluation of Female Teachers during Internment in The Female Teachers’ Institute In Kerbala

Ibtisam Hussein Muhammad

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 320-340

The world in which we live is that of Knowledge and rapid Development in all field of life .The comprehensive quick change caused by the scientific development and the technological revolution is the most important characteristic of the present societies in that it leaves its impacts on fields of life especially the field of education.
Preparing of teacher is one of the important cases which draws increasing attention especially in the education domains insides Arab would and outside it Such a case has been given a great deal of attention due to the role of the teacher in the society . Modem education looks at the teacher as the one who is able to achieve the required and expected roles from him sufficiently direct and invoke the students to learn as well as to search for knowledges and choose , treat and use them. .
Depending on the pervious speech , many efforts began to develop the process of preparing teacher , one of its results is to rise his performance in his job ,and enable him with his skill to help his pupils to achieve the goals. Paying attention to prepare teacher and qualify him on the new educational and psychological bases , is one of efforts which depend upon the educational entrance depending on the sufficiencies that is considered that to be one of the important trends in preparing the teacher and the most common and spreading.
The researcher, finds it necessary that there is necessary need to cover this field by research and study . the necessary girl – teacher in the teacher training in students.

The Historical Development of the Human Rights In the Ancient and medieval civilizations

Dr.Mstefa Kaml Abd; Dr. Naeem Abd Godh; Asst. prof.Dr. Muhammad Thamer

Al-Bahith Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 365-378

The historical studies gave so much interest in different fields of policy, economy and social affairs. So did the studies of law which concerned in the pure constitutional, criminal and international studies. Thus studying the laws of the human rights lacked, in the ancient and medieval ages in particular, much more care. Hence we found it very convenient to shed lights on what heritage of this kind those civilizations produced in the interest of the human society that lived in different social estates with very wide gaps. Therefore, those legal achievements became as new turning point or customary precedents like to have been the corner stone of the next humane developments, as in England in particular.
The research depended upon several historical and constitutional references and some articles in the periodicals as that by Taha Bakir and Salah Al Nahi . so there are many books have been used as: The Digest in the Human Rights and his essential liberties by Dr.Gazi H. Sebirini ; The Roman Law by Philip Mitchell and The Public Liberties and the Human Rights by Muhammad Sa'aeed Al Majthoob.
The research has been divided into four topics and a conclusions. The first topic shed lights on what prominent laws were introduced in the ancient Iraqi civilization, in a Sumerian dynasty and the Babylonish empire. The second topic contained the legal achievements of the Greek civilization which came with lawful, social and philosophic nature in an attempt to grant all the human sons absolute equity. The third topic studied, in focus more than the others , the constitutional deeds that had been grown up and ripped by the Romans as this nation devoted too much efforts for the interest of what might be said the human right, as groups or individuals. The fourth topic included the judiciary accomplishments in the medieval civilization of England that were represented in feudal and customary formula.