ISSN: 2003-2222

Volume 5, Issue 16

Volume 5, Issue 16, Autumn 2015, Page 7-117

Writers, philosophers and their role in social reformStudy models of the fourth century AH(ALtouhada and Miskawayh and Brethren of Purity)

Al-Bahith Journal, 2015, Volume 5, Issue 16, Pages 7-28

Varied reformist intellectual trends witnessed by the fourth century, in particular, which was designed to reform the then status quo and achieve virtuous society dominated by security, justice and morality. For some writers, philosophers have had a prominent role in such reformist trends, including individual attempts by both ALtouhada and Miskawayh, Altouhada he believed that the goodness of fit Shepherd parish, that is, if we want to reform a society we must first reform of political power, So I took the Unification way Bmajalsp rulers and ministers intent on the part of their evidence culturally, and inform them of the conditions of society and the public and suffering from injustice and persecution on the other. Unlike Miskawayh philosopher who require moral philosophy that starts from the community, and specifically the individual, which is a basic building block in the construction of a new society by instilling a new ethics utopia where, to build up to the desired community. The other trend, it has been a trend a collective representing organized (Brethren of Purity and Holan fulfilled) with members of this organization goal was not religiously morally instructive According through them to the internal cultures cultures foreign variety, but they had a collective project took the knowledge of a way to stoke political awareness among young people to achieve good society, in the form of a unified secular state to ensure social justice for all citizens.
We can say that these writers, philosophers devised a new approach in opposition; useful from the failure of the revolutionary movements, a technique long struggle with cognitive psychology, which takes human central part of it.